Wednesday, December 07, 2011

News: 'Roman' Mayan Tile

An interesting article from the internet, 2011:

"Comalcalco is a Mayan site surrounded by a rain forest in the Mexican state of Tabasco, It is the only Meso-American city constructed of fired bricks. (I will get to exactly what "fired bricks" are and where the process originated a little later) These ruins contain 372 mounds covering 40 sq. kilometers;so far only four of the 372 mounds have been completely excavated and they have revealed an acropolis,seven temples,two palaces,two structures and 20-30 tombs.
Found within these mounds were thousands of fired bricks that held inscriptions depicting animals,people,plants,houses,temples,ships,letters and sacred symbols but surprisingly many had Mediterranean elements with two even showing elephants!

In the early 1960's a preliminary site survey it was revealed two bricks with inscriptions on them.Afterwards between the years 1975-1978 Mexican archeologist Pancio Salazar,at the time working for the national institute of anthropology & history of Mexico (I.N.A.H) continued more excavations discovering forty six hundred inscribed bricks that were later examined.

Most of the inscriptions were recognizable as Mayan hieroglyphs.but a few turned out to be completely different,causing excitement and speculation.It was not until 1980 after Salazars death that the collection of bricks were photographed & cataloged by archeologist & epigrapher Neil Steede. 

Steede showed the photos to professor Barry Fell then leader & founder of 'the epigraphic society'.

Fell went onto publish a series of papers on the subject of the bricks for ESOP (The epigraphic society occasional papers) 'the Comalcalco bricks:part 1,the Roman phase' (published in Vol. 19)
Fell drew attention to what he called "Mason's Marks"out of the forty six hundred bricks examined,fifteen hundred were marked in this way.

What was so interesting about these marks was their striking similarity to Roman mason's marks found on similar bricks in Britain among other places.The Romans used these marks to keep a tally of individual productivity and slaves.

Each of their quarry slaves were required to produce close to two hundred bricks a day,by marking the bricks each slave made with his personal symbol,the slave could prove he was working at full speed.

Also it is believed that The Roman bricks are often stamped with the mark of the legion that supervised their production ..."

Read more at the website:

Friday, December 02, 2011

Article: The Secret of the Roman Coin

The Secret of the Roman Coin: a serendipitous interview with Tom Harper

A series of coincidences brought about this interview with historical thriller author Tom Harper …

Sandy is an enthusiastic amateur archaeologist who lives in Malton, UK, and often goes fieldwalking in the area near the Roman fort of Derventio.  Mostly, she picks up pieces of Roman pottery, but one day she happened upon a bronze coin.  It was badly corroded and she wasn’t sure what date it was.  She brought it into work to show me, as she knew I was an archaeologist.  At first, I wasn’t even sure it was Roman, and then I saw what looked like an altar on the reverse of the coin and was convinced.   My partner is also an archaeologist and specialises in Roman coins so I took it home to him for proper identification.  After careful examination he came to the conclusion it was a coin of Crispus, a son of Constantine the Great, the 4th century Roman emperor who made Christianity the official state religion.  Though not rare, the coin is not particularly common either.

Cut to the Festival of Writing in York a few weeks later.   I was attending on the Sunday only, and amongst the workshops  I went to was presented by Tom Harper, who talked about how he does his research.  But it was lunchtime when we were introduced to one another by conference organiser Kate Allan.  We talked things-historical and I mentioned that someone had brought in a Roman coin for me to look at.  And that it was a coin of Crispus.  Tom was surprised, particularly as his next novel  (The Secrets of the Dead ) includes Crispus. Tom was eager to handle the coin, and we all met up for a coffee a couple of months later.  He was able to see and touch a coin from the 4th century, and one that is specifically tied to the person he has written about.

Tom was born in Germany in 1977, and partly brought up there, and in Belgium and America.  He went to Oxford University to study Modern History.  But at Oxford, modern is defined as being from the reign of Diocletian (AD285) onward!  So he was able to pick and choose from a wide range of history.  Rather than specialising in the Late Roman era or the medieval, he attended a mixture of courses – anything that took his fancy.  And this has proved to be a theme running through his writing.  His tutors noted that rather than his essays focussing on detail, he liked to investigate the big picture and tell a story.

After graduating, he took a job in insurance and eventually realised that it wasn’t for him, after the small company rapidly developed into a very large business.  Rather than starting with writing short stories, he tried his hand at writing a novel, preferring the larger canvas a book provides.  That novel was very much an apprentice piece and won’t see the light of day as Tom reckons it’s very silly.  Though he wryly notes that a few years ago a film was made which covered similar territory to his first attempt at writing.

What really set Tom’s writing career off was the Crime Writers’ Association’s Debut Dagger competition in 2001.  The award required 3,000 words and a synopsis.  Tom saw this as a good exercise rather than something that might actively further his writing career, and set about entering his idea for a novel about Martin Jerrold, a reluctant hero in Nelson’s navy.  Tom was surprised to get a call from the CWA asking if they could show his entry to some agents.  Of course he said yes!  His entry was a runner up in the competition, and he was subsequently signed up by an agent.

It all snowballed from there.   There was a bidding war been publishers and eventually Tom got a three book deal.  He was able to give up his job to concentrate on writing.  Because the first deadline for the series was quite long, he thought he could also write other books so suggested a Byzantine-set crime series.  This was picked up by another publisher, which led to the creation of a pen-name.

To keep the two series separate, he wrote the Byzantine series with the pen-name (Tom Harper), rather than his own name (Edwin Thomas) under which the Jerrold series was written.  He chose the surname Harper as he liked the connection that it has with medieval harpers who would also be story tellers.  And Tom, of course, was part of his real surname. Having two books to write a year proved hard going.  The first book was relatively easy, but as time went on, the deadlines got tougher to meet.  He’s now quite happy with long deadlines.

Unfortunately, the Jerrold books did not sell particularly well.  The first one did OK, but the other two didn’t do well, and the publisher decided not to continue after the third book.  But the Byzantine stories sold healthily.  These are set in the late 11th century, at the time of the First Crusade, so Tom was able to get his crime-solving character to follow the progress of war.  The first book is set in Byzantium and the following two are set at the siege of Antioch and the capture of Jerusalem.  They are something of a hybrid in that the crime-solving element is somewhat overtaken by the events of the Crusade.

The last of the novels was finished late and came in very long.  It had to be edited right down and then extra bits written to ensure the story worked properly.  When Tom finally finished, he was pretty much burnt out and ready to move on.

Because Tom’s publisher unexpectedly had a vacant slot for their thriller of the month title, he decided to have a go at writing one.  Having greatly enjoyed watching an Indiana Jones film, he was inspired to write an archaeological based thriller set in 1947.  He had a deadline of six months, but in contrast to the last Byzantine book, writing the thriller was easy, disciplined and great fun.

Tom has moved into writing what could be called ‘Time Slip’ novels, in that they have a modern story and also an historical story.  So it’s half and half.  Tom reckons he’s having his cake and eating it, as it allows him to research historical themes whilst also having a modern element which can help put the history into context.  He  doesn’t have a particular historical period of interest which means he really can pick and choose where goes next.  So when you read his thrillers you may be surprised where he takes you.
Tom is sanguine about the rise of electronic publishing, as long as the price of them is similar to that of the hard copy.  All of his books, writing as Tom Harper, are available for Kindle.

He’s recently moved to different publisher and has another three book deal which will run from 2013 to 2015.  Tom lives in York, and thanks to his wife, who is a lecturer at the University, it looks like he’ll be living in this richly historical city for some time to come.

Tom’s experience with the Crispus coin came too late to be worked into Secrets of the Dead, but it played a vivid role in bringing the author very close to the subject of his research.  You’ll have to read the book to find out what role Crispus has!

This article first appeared in the Historical Novels Review, November 2011, pages 13-14

Thursday, December 01, 2011

Book review: Savage City by Sophia McDougall

Sophia McDougall, Gollancz, 2011, £12.99, pb, 424pp, 9780575094888

In this alternative history, Rome has never fallen, and is still a major player on the world stage in the 21st century. But there is trouble both internally and externally.  The Nionian Empire (=Japan) is slowly advancing, and may be about to win the arms race.  In Rome, the Colosseum has just been bombed by a terrorist, killing the current emperor outright, and gravely wounding his heir.  The future of the Roman Empire ultimately rests with a brother and sister from Britannia, but can they and their supporters survive in a hostile Empire?

This is the third volume in the Romanitas triology, and I haven't read the other two volumes. For the most part, this was not a barrier to enjoying the story.  This is a well imagined, bedded in, alternative world, and felt very plausible throughout.  There are changes in the technology, but it was easy to work out what they approximate to in our world. In addition, there are maps showing the Romanitas world, plus very useful chronologies detailing the alternative time line. 

The book is epic in scale, with the interior life of the many characters very well realised. It is a triumphant conclusion to the series. McDougall is one to watch. 

(This review appeared in Historical Novels Review, November 2011, pages 56-57)

Saturday, November 12, 2011

A rudimentary treatise ...

Another link courtesy of friend Bryan!  This time it links to a scanned in copy of A rudimentary treatise on the manufacture of bricks and tiles: containing an outline of the principles of brickmaking by Edward Dobson (1880)

Brick is beautiful

A brick link courtesy of friend Bryan!

This first one, I'm not sure about.  Love the pix of brix, but not sure about the ladies ...

Brick is Beautiful. Fun music video celebrating the beauty of brick on behalf of with music by EspadaRolls:

Saturday, November 05, 2011

Book Review: Empire: Fortress of the Spears by Anthony Riches

Anthony Riches, Hodder & Stoughton, 2011, £12.99, hb, 340pp, 9780340920367

Young Marcus Aquila (calling himself Centurion Corvus) has hidden himself in the Roman Army, and is serving in one of Rome’s most far-flung outposts: the northern frontier in Britannia. But the emperor’s assassins are closing in, wanting to kill Marcus.  Meanwhile, he’s fighting a hard and nasty campaign against the Caledonian tribes. Will Marcus survive the dirty war, and will the assassins catch up with him?

This is the third outing for Riches’ Empire series set in the late 2nd century. The author chooses, for the most part, to use translations of the Roman names of places, so that those of us who have learnt the Latin names are left wondering which fort is being referred to. There is a map in the front of the book, fortunately, but it doesn’t include the Roman name of, for example, White Strength, so we need to be certain of our geography. 

Riches subscribes to the Scarrow School of Roman Swearing, so readers of a delicate disposition be warned. The harsh realities of war are to the fore, and this novel is firmly in the historical adventure genre. Madcap heroic deeds, violence, intrigue and mayhem all make this a perfect book for fans of tales of the Roman Army.

(This review first appear in the Historical Novels Review, August 2011)

Saturday, October 15, 2011

Medieval roof tile stamp - Agnus Dei

Roof tile stamps have only been a very minor feature of my cbm career as I've only seen one or two.  But today, I came across one in a publication and was mightily impressed.  I've long known about the cbm powerhouse of East Yorkshire, but this example is outstanding.  

It is Agnus Dei - Lamb of God, a pretty typical medieval motif, but to see it on a roof tile is wonderful.  It probably comes from a seal and it's speculated that the tile was part of a batch that was 'blessed' or approved by the seal owner.  I hope the authors don't mind the scan I took of the back cover of the publication. The details of the Agnus Dei tile are fully discussed.  

The full details are: 

Archaeological Investigations at Morton Lane, Beverley, East Yorkshire by R McNaught and A Webb, Archaeological Services WYAS Publications, 2005.

The cbm report details are: Ceramic building material by J Tibbles, pages 21-24.

The whole publication can be obtained by visiting this website.

Other cbm includes: tile discs, brick weights and brick net weight/sinker and a ridge tile with finial hole.  Unfortunately, these aren't illustrated.

Thursday, September 29, 2011

Fiction: Secrets of the Dead by Tom Harper

Secrets of the Dead is a thriller and a a time slip novel.  There are two stories running in tandem, sometimes reflecting each other.  In present day Kosovo, EULEX employee Abby is having a weekend away with her boyfriend, but something happens that turns her world upside down. She discovers a conspiracy and needs to get to the bottom of it to see justice done.  Gaius, in the fourth century Roman Empire is called to Emperor Constantine's presence and tasked to solve a murder.  But Gaius has his own ghosts. Regardless, he pursues the mystery of the murder, despite knowing that he faces deep peril.

For the most part, the reader gets alternate chapters of the modern day and the Roman Empire.  It's an absorbing story, with plenty of twists and turns.  In particular, Harper is very adept at leaving a chapter on a cliff hanger.  Being rather impatient to find out what was going to happen, occasionally I skipped a chapter to find out the resolution of whatever situation the major character way in!  But for the most part, I stayed with the author's set path and galloped my way through this exciting story of the effects of our ancient and very recent past.

Tom Harper's website

An interview with Tom Harper in York's Press

Sunday, September 25, 2011

North Eastern Railway Tile Maps

This tile map is from Middlesbrough station, but there's also one at York station which I see on a work day, as I pass by destined for the bus-stop outside the station.  The maps are wonderful to look at, and you can see all the now-defunct stations in the area. 

The maps date from about 1903 when the Northern Eastern Railway was at its height.  The maps were placed at various NER stations, but not all survive to the present day - for further information go the NER website.

Wednesday, August 31, 2011

Field Drainage Tiles and Pipes

An enquirer sent me this link, which is about Field Drains. It's from The Museum of Rural Life, but also includes a scanned in document from the former Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, now Defra. This MAFF document includes drawings of their collection of field drains, complete with measurements. The pdf as a whole serves as an excellent introduction to the wonderful world of field drains :)

Saturday, August 13, 2011


With a site boasting the best Roman baths remains in the country (probably), Binchester is a must for the tile fan. In this case, a tile fan without her camera (the pic above is from Stanford Univ's website), but I shall return to the site in one guise or another and will take my best camera with me.
Meanwhile, a bit of information about the site:

This is the Durham County Council website, with visiting details:

There's an excavation taking place there until 2014, and here's the associated blog, which details the finds, both artefact and site specific:

A couple of recent publications are now in discerning bookshops:

Vinovia by Iain Ferris


The Beautiful Rooms are Empty: Excavations at Binchester Roman Fort, 1976-1981 and 1986-1991 by Iain Ferris
Frankly, I don't think the beautiful rooms are empty, because they are full of tile! btw, some of the tile from the site can be seen in Bowes Museum, and I have some photos of those somewhere ...

Sunday, July 17, 2011

Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity

Looks like some or one of these tiles may now be on show at Mount Scopos in Israel, but previously to that, there were tiles on show at the Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity exhibition in the US. See the article here:

And here's a tile (which is clay with a layer of alabaster) from the ceiling of a 3rd century building :

It shows Heliodoros, an actuarius, Dura-Europos, L7, House of Scribes.

Thursday, July 07, 2011

West Offices, York

West Offices is a site currently (July 2011) being dug in the centre of York. Of interest to this blog are the tile finds, including 9th Hispana tiles and circular pila tiles. Here's a few pix, courtesy of Duncan Stirk's flickr album:

9th Hispana tile stamp:

The almost regulation hobnail imprint tile:

Circular pila tile:

And here's a brief news report on the dig's open day in June:

And a bit more information about the site over time:

Sunday, May 01, 2011

Housestead Roman fort - the grandest station

Housesteads, a major fort on Hadrian's Wall has recently been published and is available as a 2 volume free download here:

Volume two has a brick and tile report, so it's well worth a look for brick fans :) It can be found on pages 358 to 362.

Sunday, April 24, 2011

Friday, March 25, 2011

The Pevensey Bricks

A great article by Miles Russell about the fake HON AVG ANDRIA tile stamps, amongst other fakes by Charles Dawson (yes, he of Piltdown Man fame!). The stamp can be seen on the tile at the bottom left of this picture from Miles' site.